Additional Protocol to the Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine on the prohibition of cloning human beings
Council of Europe
Laurence Lwoff


Faced with the risk of certain scientific research projects leading to the possibility of cloning human beings, the Council of Europe decided in 1998 to draw up a protocol aimed at "prohibiting any intervention having the aim of creating a human being genetically identical to another human being, whether alive or dead", irrespective of the technique used. The text, which took effect on 1 March 2001, thus prohibits any attempt at “reproductive“ cloning, which involves causing a cloned human being to be born.